Oracle Licensing in Different Environments


Licensing Oracle programs that are installed and/or running in Data Recovery:

  1. Licensing Requirement
    All copying, synchronization, and mirroring of the data and/or program files require licensing. In addition, data and optional Oracle binaries are copied to another storage device and therefore all programs installed and/or running must be licensed.
  2. Testing
    A testing allowance is granted for physical copies of backups as follows (up to four allowances are allowed and they must not exceed two days per testing in any given calendar year):
    • For Oracle database program only, test on an unlicensed spare computer.
    • Does not allow for any other data recovery methods, such as remote mirroring or synchronization.
    • Not applicable in a virtualized environment.
  3. Licensing Failover Data Recovery
    Failover Data Recovery is an exception that allows for one unlicensed server/node in a clustered environment sharing single storage and requires the following:
    • Allows an exception to run the Oracle programs on one unlicensed node up to ten separate days in a calendar year.
    • If failover periods exceed ten separate days the failover node must be licensed. When the primary node fails, the failover node acts as the primary node. Once the primary node is repaired the customer must switch back to the primary node.
    • The same license metric must be used for production and failover nodes and options must match the number of licenses of the associated database.


  1. Hard Partitioning
    Oracle has determined that the following technologies are permitted as means to limit the number of Oracle Processor licenses required for a given server:
    • Hard Partitioning technologies as listed in the Partitioning Document.
    • Oracle Trusted Partitions for certain Oracle Engineered Systems.
    • Oracle Linux for KVM, Oracle OVM Server, Oracle Solaris Zones.
  2. Soft Partitioning
    Soft Partitioning segments the operating system using operating system resource managers and is not approved as means to determine or limit number of Oracle Processor licenses required on a given server or cluster of servers.
  3. Capacity on Demand
    Oracle recognizes and allows this practice to license only the number of cores activated when a server is shipped.


Virtualized Environments are considered a Soft Partitioning technology:

  • Oracle does not have a separate licensing policy for virtualization deployments of Oracle software for on premise licensing.
  • Soft Partitioning technologies are not permitted as means to determine or limit the number of software licenses required for any given server or cluster or servers.
  • Virtualized environments are licensed within the parameters of the metric definition.


Shared Storage is when a storage device is connected to and used by two or more systems.

  • Oracle licenses all processors where Oracle programs are installed and/or running.
  • When shared storage devices with Oracle programs are mounted by multiple servers, the respective Oracle programs are required to be licensed on all the servers.
  • Not recognized in soft partition environments for purposes of limiting Oracle’s licensing.


  1. Customers deploy their Oracle Technology programs licenses on two Authorized cloud providers:
    • Amazon EC2 and RDS
    • Microsoft Azure Platform
  2. For the purposes of licensing Oracle Technology programs in the Authorized cloud, customers are required to count as follows:
    • Count 2 virtual CPU (vCPU) to 1 Oracle Processor license if hyper-threading enabled, and virtual CPU (vCPU) to 1 Oracle Processor license if hyper-threading is not enabled.
  3. Customers deploy their Oracle programs on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure:
    • To determine the number of Processor licenses for Oracle Cloud Infrastructure.


For more information please visit Oracle Website

Disclaimer: The information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. The use or reliance of any information contained on this site is solely at your own risk. ​All information has been provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information, as the information provided does not contain software licensing advice.

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